EDINBURGH, Scotland, 9 March 2016. Timber is being removed from fragile rainforests illegally to the detriment of the farming community and environment, including water, wildlife, and rare species of plants, insects, and animals. Guatemalan famers are fighting back with the help of "CCTV in the sky" space-based technology from Astrosat, a global space services and management company in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Space technology experts at Edinburgh-based Astrosat are working on a U.K. Space Agency project to stop deforestation of vast tracts of land in Central America, particularly where Guatemala borders Mexico.
Forests cover one third of Guatemala’s land area, with nearly 40 percent primary forests. Primary forests are forests of native tree species, where no clearly visible indications of human activities exist and the ecological processes are not significantly disturbed. The annual rate of deforestation was 1 percent for the period 2010 through 2015 and illegal logging is a widespread problem in the country.
Astrosat, which specializes in earth observation using earth-viewing instruments, has teamed up with U.K.- and U.S.-based company Earth Observation Ltd to monitor forests and detect illegal activity, enabling law enforcement agencies to take action against offenders.
"What we are working on here is could be described as a CCTV system which operates from space,” Astrosat CEO and Founder Steve Lee says. “With the data and information we can garner, we can help countries and communities which are at the mercy of unscrupulous operators. This, in effect, brings space -- and space companies and organizations -- into the Fair Trade arena, by helping local farmers and villagers to manage sustainable timber reserves. Illegal logging not only undercuts markets, but has a devastating effect on vital ecosystems."
Astrosat's technology will help the Guatemalan government agencies to monitor large forested areas, such as the rich and diverse Reserva de Biosfera Maya and a series of important national parks along the border.
In the worst cases, such as clear-cutting, illegal logging destroys entire areas of forest habitat, with the consequent loss of important species, damage to the ecosystem, and loss of fresh water sources on which local communities rely.Working with Earth Observation, it will monitor areas of jurisdiction and particular types of trees to ensure that only permitted timber felling is allowed, creating a legal market for sustainably-managed forestry products.
"Data and information from space sources is increasingly important in allowing countries which do not have significant satellite resources to implement action programs on issues such as this which directly affect the lives of their citizens," Lee explains.
Astrosat CEO and Founder Steve Lee -->
You might also like:
Subscribe today to receive all the latest aerospace technology and engineering news, delivered directly to your e-mail inbox twice a week (Tuesdays and Thursdays). Sign upfor your free subscription to the Intelligent Inbox e-newsletter at http://www.intelligent-aerospace.com/subscribe.html.